Robotic assistance for ultrasound-guided prostate brachytherapy

TitleRobotic assistance for ultrasound-guided prostate brachytherapy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsFichtinger, G., Fiene J., Kennedy C., Kronreif G., Iordachita I., Song D. Y., E. Burdette C., & Kazanzides P.
JournalMedical Image Analysis
Date Published06/2008
KeywordsBrachytherapy, Computer-Assisted, Equipment Design, Equipment Failure Analysis, Humans, instrumentation, instrumentation/methods, Interventional, Male, Prostatic Neoplasms, Radiotherapy, radiotherapy/ultrasonography, Robotics, Ultrasonography

We present a robotically assisted prostate brachytherapy system, test results in training phantoms, Phase-I clinical trials The system consists of a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS), a spatially co-registered robot,fully integrated with an FDA-approved commercial treatment planning system The salient feature of the system is a small parallel robot affixed to the mounting posts of the template The robot replaces the template interchangeably,using the same coordinate system Established clinical hardware,workflow, calibration remain intact In all phantom experiments,we recorded the first insertion attempt without adjustment All clinically relevant locations in the prostate were reached Non-parallel needle trajectories were achieved The pre-insertion transverse, rotational errors (measured with a Polaris optical tracker relative to the template’s coordinate frame) were 0 25 mm (STD=0 17 mm), 0 75 degrees (STD=0 37 degrees) In phantoms,needle tip placement errors measured in TRUS were 1 04 mm (STD=0 50mm) A Phase-I clinical feasibility, safety trial has been successfully completed with the system We encountered needle tip positioning errors of a magnitude greater than 4mm in only 2 of 179 robotically guided needles,in contrast to manual template guidance where errors of this magnitude are much more common Further clinical trials are necessary to determine whether the apparent benefits of the robotic assistant will lead to improvements in clinical efficacy, outcomes

URLhttp://dx doi org/10 1016/j media 2008 06 002
PerkWeb Citation KeyFichtinger2008b