Numerical algorithms for spatial registration of line fiducials from cross-sectional images

TitleNumerical algorithms for spatial registration of line fiducials from cross-sectional images
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsLee, S., Fichtinger G., & Chirikjian G.
JournalJournal of Medical Physics
Date PublishedAug
KeywordsAlgorithms, Anatomy, anatomy /&/ histology/radiography, Cross-Sectional, Head, Humans, Image Enhancement, Imaging, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, methods, Quality Control, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity, Specificity, Stereotaxic Techniques, Stochastic Processes, Subtraction Technique, Three-Dimensional, Tomography, X-Ray Computed

We present several numerical algorithms for six-degree-of-freedom rigid-body registration of line fiducial objects to their marks in cross-sectional planar images, such as those obtained in CT, MRI, given the correspondence between the marks, line fiducials The area of immediate application is frame-based stereotactic procedures, such as radiosurgery, functional neurosurgery The algorithms are also suitable to problems where the fiducial pattern moves inside the imager, as is the case in robot-assisted image-guided surgical applications We demonstrate the numerical methods on clinical CT images, computer-generated data, compare their performance in terms of robustness to missing data, robustness to noise, and speed The methods show two unique strengths: (1) They provide reliable registration of incomplete fiducial patterns when up to two-thirds of the total fiducials are missing from the image;, (2) they are applicable to an arbitrary combination of line fiducials without algorithmic modification The average speed of the fastest algorithm is 0 3236 s for six fiducial lines in real CT data in a Matlab implementation

PerkWeb Citation KeyLee2002