Feasibility of combined optical and acoustic imaging for surgical cavity scanning

TitleFeasibility of combined optical and acoustic imaging for surgical cavity scanning
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsConnolly, L., Jamzad A., Nikniazi A., Poushimin R., Nunzi J. Michel, Rudan J. F., Fichtinger G., & Mousavi P.
Conference NameSPIE Medical Imaging 2022: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
Date Published04/2022
Conference LocationSan Diego (online)

PURPOSE: Over 30% of breast conserving surgery patients must undergo repeat surgery to address incomplete tumor resection. We hypothesize that the addition of a robotic cavity scanning system can improve the success rates of these procedures by performing additional, intraoperative imaging to detect left-over cancer cells. In this study, we assess the feasibility of a combined optical and acoustic imaging approach for this cavity scanning system. METHODS: Dual-layer tissue phantoms are imaged with both throughput broadband spectroscopy and an endocavity ultrasound probe. The absorbance and transmittance of the incident light from the broadband source is used to characterize each tissue sample optically. Additionally, a temporally enhanced ultrasound approach is used to distinguish the heterogeneity of the tissue sample by classifying individual pixels in the ultrasound image with a support vector machine. The goal of this combined approach is to use optical characterization to classify the tissue surface, and acoustic characterization to classify the sample heterogeneity. RESULTS: Both optical and acoustic characterization demonstrated promising preliminary results. The class of each tissue sample is distinctly separable based on the transmittance and absorption of the broadband light. Additionally, an SVM trained on the temporally enhance ultrasound signals for each tissue type, showed 82% linear separability of labelled temporally enhanced ultrasound sequences in our test set. CONCLUSIONS: By combining broadband and ultrasound imaging, we demonstrate a potential non-destructive imaging approach for this robotic cavity scanning system. With this approach, our system can detect both surface level tissue characteristics and depth information. Applying this to breast conserving surgery can help inform the surgeon about the tissue composition of the resection cavity after initial tumor resection.

PerkWeb Citation KeyConnolly2022